Musical Space

Musical Space is a look at all things music, by KMUW music commentator Mark Foley. Mark is Principal Double Bass of the Wichita Symphony Orchestra and Professor of Double Bass and head of Jazz Studies at Wichita State University.

He has been a featured soloist with the Wichita Symphony Orchestra, performs extensively as a jazz artist is also an avid bluegrass player. Passionate about promoting new and diverse music, Mark is the founder and music director of the Knob Festival of New Music, a series of concerts held in Fisch Haus Studios every Fall.

The Musical Space commentary airs on KMUW on alternate Tuesdays. Listen here or subscribe to the Musical Space podcast on Apple Podcasts or Google Play. (If you'd like to learn more about ways to listen on demand, read our guide here.)

Soundtracks to films such as Shaft and Cleopatra Jones changed the pop music landscape by providing a new perspective on soul sensibility with funky drum, slap bass, clavinet and the sound of wah wah pedals.

You could hear strings and horns collide with orchestral movie music and a James Brown style groove.

Perfect Pitch is the ability to recall any note at will without relying on a reference note. People with perfect pitch can tell you what key a song is in just by hearing it, and can sing a given note, say, a C#, out of the blue. This is associated with freakishly talented musicians like Mozart.

The Kinks reached Number One on the British charts 50 years ago with their new single “You Really Got Me.” The band solidified their sound with this song, and also pushed rock music a quantum leap forward, and for that we owe the Kinks a great debt.

Traditional songs with lyrics tend to be divided into verses and choruses, with a bridge sometimes thrown in; modern electronic dance music, though, doesn’t rely on words for its structure, so EDM has something simpler instead, called the Bass Drop. This is the climax of the song, the place following a “build” where there is a sudden addition of bass. It is self-evident, at least to me, that bass notes make music sound good; so it makes sense that a place that features the bass should be the most important part of the piece.

I’m trying to atone for my sins as a former music snob, and today I’m doing it by listening to old hip-hop. I used to be quick to criticize pop styles that I didn’t think were “heavy” enough. But every time I said I didn’t like a particular genre, a counterexample would present itself. Fela Kuti destroyed my dislike of world music; Patsy Cline shattered my hatred of Country and Western.

So I’m trying to learn to like other kinds of music, and to do it I’ll have to do three things:

Sean Sandefur

There are so many reasons to talk about Brian Eno. A visionary British art-rocker from the band Roxy Music, the epicenter of the creation of whole genres - No Wave, Ambient and Generative Music, he’s the producer who recorded Devo and Talking Heads, and now does the same for mega-bands like Coldplay and U2. Visual artist, writer, theorist, and political activist, Brian Eno is so constantly creative that even David Bowie has called on him for artistic direction.

Ivory has historically been a part of musical instrument making: for piano keys, the tips of violin bows, guitar tuning pegs, and even the rings crowning the tops of bassoons. This sad fact is having repercussions that musicians are feeling now.

Our system of music notation is notoriously hard to learn - an arcane and ancient code invented by monks to help remember liturgical chants. It has been amended over the years to show things like rhythms, black notes, key changes, and dynamics; this has made it even more unintuitive and complicated.

For the frustrated garage guitarist, however, there is a simple alternative: tablature, or “tab.” Tab is based on the guitar’s fretboard; numbers tell the player on which strings and which frets to put their fingers. It’s no more sophisticated than playing Rock Band on the Wii.

White noise is the sound of complete randomness; a statistically equal combination of all audible frequencies at the same time. It is the ultimate cacophony and it is all around us; the hiss from a steam radiator and the static between radio stations.

By definition white noise has no discernible pitch, nothing to make it tuneful or inherently interesting. It creeps into our lives as an artifact of our mechanical world and mostly just gets in the way of what we are actually trying to hear. Noise is why it is hard to hear really soft sounds, and why a plane ride so fatiguing.

Jordan Kirtley

Composer Catherine Yass was recently prevented by a neighborhood association from performing her piece “Piano Falling,” which involves a piano being pushed off the top of an unoccupied 27-story housing project building. The association concluded that the piece amounted to “antisocial behavior.”

I’m sorry that “Piano Falling” won’t be realized; it could have been a powerful statement about the unrealized promise of a decaying modernist structure. But mostly I just want to know what it sounds like when a grand piano hits the ground from a fall of over 270 feet.