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00000179-cdc6-d978-adfd-cfc6d7d40002Coverage of the issues, races and people shaping Kansas elections in 2016, including statewide coverage in partnership with KCUR, Kansas Public Radio, and High Plains Public Radio.

Kansas Voters Have A Choice To Make: Paper Or Electronic

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Jim McLean, File Photo
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KHI News Service
Carolyn Megree of Spring Hill and Rene Pfaltzgraff of Paola try out an electronic voting machine at a training for poll workers in Miami County.

Kansas doesn’t have a reputation for political corruption. It isn’t Chicago where the dead are rumored to cast ballots. And it’s not Florida, home of the hanging chad. But, Jim McLean reports, as Kansans prepare to go to the polls for tomorrow’s primaries there are lingering concerns about the potential for vote tampering.

Concerns stem from reports of possible tampering in 2014 election

Concerns about tampering appear to on the rise, at least among Kansas Democrats, because of unusual voting patterns in the 2014 elections and persistent reports about the vulnerability of electronic voting machines.

“Apparently, they (voting machines) are not that hard to hack,” says Beth Clarkson, the Wichita State University statistician who believes the machines may have been used to alter results in some large Kansas precincts in 2014.

Clarkson, who is appealing a recent district court ruling denying her access to Sedgwick County voting records, bases her concerns on Kansas voting patterns that resemble those linked to possible fraud in several Republican presidential primary contests across the country in 2012.

Two California researchers uncovered the patterns in the presidential primary states. When Clarkson saw their report, she downloaded their data and re-tested their methods.

“I took a look at the data and I took a look at their analysis and I got the same results they did,” she says.

Convinced their methods were sound, Clarkson applied them to the 2014 U.S. Senate race in Kansas won by Pat Roberts over challenger Greg Orman. The results confirmed the same unusual voting patterns – late surges of partisan votes in large precincts that could have been the generated by rigging electronic voting machines.

“Statistics never tell you what the cause is,” Clarkson says, only that there is a relationship between the numbers and certain explanations. But based on her preliminary findings, she says the 2014 voting patterns are “possibly indicative of fraud.”

Clarkson’s findings re-ignited speculation about how Republican Gov. Sam Brownback eked out a win over Paul Davis on that same night. So, as this year’s elections approached, Democrats in particular began urging supporters to use paper ballots when possible.

“It’s much easier to tamper with those electronic machines and we suspect that there has been some of that going on,” Sen. Laura Kelly, a Topeka Democrat, said at a recent candidate forum. So, I think if people want their vote to count they ought to use paper.”

Confidence in voting machines comes with experience

Miami County Clerk Janet White says concerns about electronic voting machines are overblown. She has confidence in the aging but well-maintained machines used at the county’s 13 polling places because of the security measures she has put in place.

“None of these machines are hooked to the internet so they’re really not hackable,” White says, motioning to a group of machines set up for a poll-worker training class.

The machines and the cards used to activate and record the votes cast on them are closely monitored before, during and after each election.

“So, we really have got some safety measures in place,” she says. “Without knocking somebody over the head, I really don’t think you’re going to be able to mess with our elections.”

Renee Pfaltzgraff, of Paola, is among the volunteers that White is training to work the polls. She says she’s not concerned about the security of her vote.

“I’ve used them (the machines) for several years and the ballots are very simple to navigate through,” Pflaltzgraff says. “You have an opportunity to change an answer if you want to change it. So, I’ve never had any issues with the machines.”

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Credit Jim McLean / KHI News Service
Vern McFalls says the findings of a Wichita State University statistician and his experiences as a poll worker in Topeka during the 2014 general election have convinced him that electronic voting machines were used to alter the results of the election.

But some Kansas voters do have issues with the machines. When Topeka resident Vern McFalls read about Clarkson’s findings his thoughts immediately went back to his experiences as a poll worker on the night of the 2014 general election.

“Something definitely went awry that night,” McFalls says, explaining that some of the voting machines at his polling place seemed to be “acting up” hours after the polls closed.

“Maybe I’m wrong, but just my gut feeling tells me something wasn’t right,” he says. “If it were left up to me I’d never go near another electronic voting machine again. I mean it’s just too easy (to manipulate them). It’s just too easy.”

Paper ballots produce a paper trail

Organizations that monitor elections also continue to have issues with the machines, particularly models that don’t generate paper trails. The use of electronic voting machines by states, like Kansas, that don’t require post-election audits are also a concern to organizations like the Verified Voting Foundation and the Common Cause Education Fund, which in a 2012 report listed Kansas among the states least prepared to catch and address voting problems.

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Credit Jim McLean / KHI News Service
Douglas County Clerk Jamie Shew leads a training session for poll workers. Shew refuses to use electronic voting machines, believing that paper ballots are more secure.

Douglas County Clerk Jamie Shew refuses to criticize colleagues that continue to use electronic voting systems. But he prefers paper ballots.

“As an election official, I like the security of having that paper-based system,” Shew says. “Regardless of what happens, I have a ballot I can hand a voter, they can vote and if need be I can hand count it if none of the (scanning) equipment works.”

He says the county’s system makes it easier for him to audit results if necessary.

“I think there just is a confidence in having that paper ballot not only for the voter but for the person administering elections and for the poll workers,” Shew says. “It provides us with the ability to audit throughout the whole process.”

Voters who have concerns can request paper ballots even in counties that use electronic systems, Shew says. But supplies of paper ballots are usually limited in those counties. So, those wanting one might want to call ahead to their county election office before showing up at the polls.

Jim McLean is executive editor of KHI News Service in Topeka, a partner with us in a statewide collaboration covering elections in Kansas. Follow Jim on Twitter @jmckhi.